An ASL Dictionary

Signing Savvy is a sign language dictionary containing several thousand high resolution videos of American Sign Language (ASL) signs, fingerspelled words, and other common signs used within the United States and Canada.

And Much More!

Signing Savvy is an ideal resource to use while you learn sign language. It includes the ability to view signs, build word lists and share them with others, create digital flash cards and quizzes, view asl sentences, get tutoring, ...and more

Sign of the Day - CAMP

New Tutor Available! Suellen Bahleda Tutors Those Learning ASL and Questions About Religious Signing

By Jillian Winn  |  Friday, May 7, 2021

We’re excited to announce that we have added a new person to our tutoring team!

Tutoring sessions let you meet online, one-on-one through video chat. Each session is unique to meet the needs of the person who scheduled the chat. 

Suellen BahledaSuellen Bahleda is now available for tutoring sessions.

Across 20 years and several states, Suellen Bahleda became certified, interpreted, taught entry-level as well as advanced ASL and interpreting classes, and presented workshops. Now she is a pastor for the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and is the author of several American Sign Language books. She has also been a member of the Signing Savvy Advisory Board since 2015.

She is a great resource for answering questions about religious signing, however, she is happy to tutor ASL learners of any interest or skill level.

We’re very happy to have Suellen join the tutoring team and to be able to offer one-on-one sessions with her. You can view her availability and schedule sessions with her now through our tutoring page.

Tutoring is also still available with our longstanding tutoring expert Marta Belsky.

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Signs That Are Close... But Not the Same - Set 13

Signs That Are Close... But Not the Same - Set 13

By Brenda Cartwright  |  Tuesday, December 1, 2020

This article is by Brenda Cartwright. Brenda is a seasoned interpreter, a master teacher, and well known presenter. Brenda is the author of the Dear Encounters with Reality column in the VIEWS publication from Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf (RID) and the book Encounters With Reality: 1001 Interpreter Scenarios. She contributes blog articles for Signing Savvy on interpreting, Deaf culture, and answering a series of "Dear BC" interpreter questions.

This article is part of our “Signs That Are Close... But Not the Same” series, which highlights signs that look similar, but have different meanings.

Hello! Brenda Cartwright (BC) here. Let's continue on the fun topic of: “Signs That Are Close... But Not the Same.”

The ASL signs shown below look similar, but are not the same. There are many ASL signs that when produced look similar, but in fact have a completely different meaning. Below you will find examples of such signs. Watch closely to see if you can see the difference. In addition, watch my eyebrows, look to see when I tilt my head or lean my body in a certain way, even what my mouth is doing. These nuances are called inflections and trust me, inflections matter. Enjoy!

1. Decide vs. Court

DECIDE and COURT look similar because they end with both hands in the F handshape moving downward. The glaring difference between DECIDE and COURT is that DECIDE starts with the dominant hand in the 1 handshape at the forehead. However, if you are in a conversation, it could be easy to miss this nuance as the signer transitions from one sign to the next. Paying close attention to the movement of the hands as they move downward will help you decipher between these two signs.

As DECIDE has both hands move downward together, you can think of setting down your thoughts when you make a decision.

You can remember COURT uses an alternating movement because the Judge in COURT has to weigh the options.

These signs use hands in the F handshape because they evolved from the French signs for JUGER (judge) and BALANCE (scales), which were originally described as "with the thumb and index of each hand, take the chains of the trays on a scale and with a light movement alternately raise and lower them."1

2. Supervise vs. Take Care Of

SUPERVISE and TAKE CARE OF have both hands, with palms facing each other, in the V handshape together in front of the torso.

The use of the V handshapes when signing SUPERVISE suggests the eyes of someone watching over you and you can think of the circular movement as looking around or looking over them. 

When signing TAKE CARE OF, the top, dominant hand taps on the bottom, non-dominant hand two times.

3. Shoes vs. Advertise

SHOES and ADVERTISE both have the hands in the S handshape, with the palms down, and the hands meetup, tapping together two times. However, the orientation of your hands are different. When signing SHOES, your knuckles face forward, while your knuckles face the opposite side of your body when signing ADVERTISE.

The sign for SHOES may have evolved from initializing the French sign for CHAUSSURES (shoes), which is made by "clapping the two palms together, as if tapping shoes to remove dirt."However, I like to think of Dorothy’s shoes, in the Wizard of Oz, clicking together when signing shoes… "There’s no place like home, there’s no place like home."

When signing ADVERTISE, think of the hands as words or ideas that are being pushed on people through advertisements.

4. Awkward vs. Walk Fast

AWKWARD and WALK / WALK FAST both use hands in the 3 handshape to mimic movement. The signs are similar because they both evolved from the French sign for PAYSAN (peasant), which was described in 1808 as showing "the slow and lazy walk of good country folk, their gross habits, badly cut and unkempt."1

AWKWARD moves in a circular motion and you can think of the movement as clumsy feet. WALK / WALK FAST alternates hands back and forth to represent a walking movement. The faster the hand movement is, the faster the walking is.

5. Race vs. Game

Both hands come together in the 10 handshape to sign RACE and GAME. To remember the difference between these two signs, you can think about the sayings "neck and neck" versus "head to head."

When signing RACE, the two hands alternately twist back and forth. Think of each hand as a person in a race and the thumbs are their heads as one person races in front of the other, and then the other. Some people think of the movement as symbolizing two opponents "neck and neck" in a race.

When signing GAME, the two hands tap together at the knuckles two times, think of it as a going "head to head" when two opponents or teams play each other in a game.

How can I figure out the difference between signs on my own?

If you see two signs that look close, but not the same, but you’re not sure, you can use Signing Savvy features to help you figure out the difference. All of our signs have sign descriptions and memory aids that members can access. Reading the sign description and memory aids for the signs can help you figure out the small differences between them that your eyes don’t catch at first. We also recommend using the pause and slow motion feature to slow down the video, so you can take a closer look. These features are available to Signing Savvy members.

Take a look, it's in a book!

These examples are aligned with the Visual Discrimination section of Lesson 7 (page 85) from Lessons and Activities in American Sign Language by Brenda E. Cartwright and Suellen J. Bahleda. Check out the book for more ASL Activities and watch for more examples from this series: “Signs That Are Close... But Not the Same.”


  1. Shaw, E. & Delaporte, Y. (2014). A Historical and Etymological Dictionary of American Sign Language. Washington: Gallaudet University Press.

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About the Author

Brenda CartwrightBrenda Cartwright is a seasoned interpreter, a master teacher, well known presenter, and author of several best selling sign language and interpreting textbooks from the RID Press. For 35 years Brenda was the Chair of the Sign Language Interpreter Program at Lansing Community College in Lansing, Michigan.

More about BC  |  Articles by BC

Your Sign Questions Answered: FEARFULLY and WONDERFULLY in Psalm 139:14

Your Sign Questions Answered: FEARFULLY and WONDERFULLY in Psalm 139:14

By Suellen Bahleda  |  Tuesday, October 27, 2020

This article is part of a series, which answers sign questions from people who use Signing Savvy.

Signing Savvy - Please help!

I am trying to find a way to teach my child a scripture verse from one of her school lessons, but I cannot find signs for some of the words. The scripture is Psalm 139:14. The words are FEARFULLY and WONDERFULLY. Fearfully would mean in awe or awesomely made. I’m not sure how to teach her this one. Wonderfully I am guessing would be the same as wonderful. Are there different signs for these to words?


There are so many layers here! The first problem in translation is that it has to be something that makes sense to a child.

The second is that this phrase is in the passive voice - it's the “mistakes were made,” rather than “I made a mistake.”

So, how would we interpret “mistakes were made”? I would sign SOMEONE MISTAKE or TRUE MISTAKE (as in yes, there were mistakes) or perhaps TRUE MISTAKE HAPPEN.

This is also one of my favorite verses in the Bible - I use it all the time as assurance for people who are in the hospital, hurt or broken... God made these amazing bodies that have enormous capacity to heal and fight for life.

I also love that this verse is used as the "proof text" for two traditionally oppositional groups - those who have pro-life convictions reference it as witness that the body is a precious creation, even as it is formed in the womb, and the LGBTQ+ community references it as witness that they are created whole and correct and perfectly and wonderfully, too.

Here it is in context:

Psalm 139:13-14

13 For you created my inmost being;
     you knit me together in my mother’s womb.
14 I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made;
     your works are wonderful,
     I know that full well.

Verse 13 has its own translation challenges, but to focus on interpreting, not translating verse 14 in response to the question, I would combine 'fearfully' and 'wonderfully' by expanding WONDERFUL into MIRACLE (WONDER+WORK) and would sign MY BODY YOUR (to God) MIRACLE.

I don't know if that is a perfect answer, but as I continue to play with it, I like it.

Pastor Sue

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About the Author

Suellen BahledaAcross 20 years and several states, Suellen Bahleda became certified, interpreted, taught entry-level as well as advanced ASL and interpreting classes, and presented workshops. Now she is a pastor for the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and is the author of several American Sign Language books. She has also been a member of the Signing Savvy Advisory Board since 2015.

More about Suellen  |  Articles by Suellen

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