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Sign of the Day - DANCE
(as in the verb- to dance, or the noun- a social gathering where you dance)
Interpreter Tips | Thursday, July 21, 2016
In an educational setting, a student asked me to accompany her to interpret a conversation with one of her teachers. On the way to the teacher’s classroom, I asked “What did you need to see the teacher for?” The deaf student responded, “It’s none of your business, you are the interpreter and you will do what I tell you to do!” Needless to say, I was shocked at this answer.
I always try to prepare myself and avoid misunderstandings. For example, before going into a doctor’s office, I ask the client why they’re there, to prepare myself as well as to get a feel for the client’s signing style, etc. I’m not being nosey and I feel this response was very curt and rude. Is this how we are viewed?
Not trying to be nosey
An Experienced Interpreter's Perspective:
I think there are a number of issues at play. First, there is your question and reasoning behind it. I applaud your rationale. You were trying to be prepared for the event and to try and gauge the Deaf person’s sign style/preference. That’s great! However, I wouldn’t have asked why the student wanted to see the teacher. It may be misconstrued as fishing for information.
If this was a first-time assignment, I think the most I might ask would be, “What does the teacher teach?” That way, the subject being taught would prime my brain for certain terms and/or grammatical aspects of ASL/English.
If you’re trying to measure a young student’s signing preference, you could ask about another less threatening topic. One question I use is “What is your favorite game?” Lots of times, young kids will answer by talking about their favorite video game. They’re more relaxed and it helps me find a good starting point for matching their preferences.
The second issue is the Deaf student’s response. Remember that she’s young and part of being a student is learning how to be a savvy yet polite consumer. If this educational setting is your full-time position, you should talk with the student as soon as you can after the interpreting event. Be honest but not authoritative. Remember, diplomacy can be your best friend. You might want to tell her that it always helps the interpreter to have something to start with, both content and communication preferences, so that you can be ready to interpret. This way the student might volunteer necessary information next time without an interpreter having to ask.
Experienced Deaf Consumer's Perspective:
That sounds familiar to me. I have seen and heard this reaction from students. I believe the student is learning how to utilize an interpreter. Some students will use too much power without common sense. Often, deaf students are told that interpreters do not have the right to be nosey about their personal lives, but at the same time they do not understand how the Code of Ethics really works for them. This student probably didn’t even think ahead about the fact that the interpreter is going to find out what the topic will be in a few moments anyway. They just don’t know why you are asking those kinds of questions.
After the initial meeting – not right away, but later on – you should have a nice comfortable talk with the student about why you ask those kinds of questions. Explaining this would be beneficial. Some students need help learning how to utilize interpreters and what to expect later in the deaf community. Eventually, the student can decide whether the interpreter’s questions are appropriate prior to situations. This student is still learning.
Deaf Culture | Monday, June 27, 2016
Helen Keller became deaf and blind at 19 months old. She was famous from the age of 8 for her experience of overcoming great obstacles in order to learn to communicate. This early part of her life is the most well-known, but the story doesn’t end there. Helen would go on to become not only well educated, but famous in her own right as an author and activist. She has even been said to be one of the 20th century's leading humanitarians and was named one of the most important people of the 20th century by Life magazine.
Here are 12 facts you probably don’t know about Helen Keller.
#1 Her famous life story was based on the autobiography she wrote.
Helen Keller’s early life was made famous through the well-known story The Miracle Worker, which was made into a Broadway play (1959-1961; 1994; 2010), television drama (1957; 1979; 2000), and film (1962). It was even adapted for Spanish (TVE, 1978) and Italian (RAI, 1968) television.
The Miracle Worker tells the story of Keller’s breakthrough in understanding the connection between words, language, and the world around her. Many people don’t realize The Miracle Worker story is based on Keller’s first book, the autobiography “The Story of My Life,” which was published in 1903 when she was just 24 and went on to become a renowned classic, translated into 50 languages.
#2 She thought of herself as an author first.
Although she accomplished many things, Keller saw herself as a writer first – her passport listed her profession as "author."
She used both a braille and regular typewriter - she used a braille typewriter to prepare her manuscripts and then copied them on a regular typewriter.
She published fourteen books, many articles and essays, and was a frequent contributor to magazines and newspapers. The Helen Keller Archives contain over 475 speeches and essays that she wrote on topics such as faith, blindness prevention, birth control, the rise of fascism in Europe, and atomic energy.
#3 She was an Oscar winner and her life inspired two Oscar-winning movies.
Helen Keller won an Oscar for Best Documentary in 1956 for the story of her life Helen Keller in Her Story (also known as The Unconquered). She accepted the Academy Award at the age of 75. Keller is the only person to win an Academy Award for appearing in a documentary about her life and also have someone else win an Oscar for portraying her in another movie about her life.
The Miracle Worker story won many awards. The 1962 film won Academy Awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress. Patty Duke, who won the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress, is the only actress to win an Oscar for a role in which only one word is said (she says, “Water!” in the famous scene in the movie when Keller understands that what she is touching at the pump is called water). The original 1959 The Miracle Worker play ran for 719 performances and won the 1960 Tony Award for Best Play, in addition to Best Direction, Best Stage Technician, and Best Actress.
#4 She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest honor that an American civilian can receive.
In addition to Oscars and Tonys being awarded for adaptations to her life story The Miracle Worker, Helen Keller received many awards during her lifetime. She received the Theodore Roosevelt Distinguished Service Medal in 1936 and in 1964 was awarded the highest honor that an American civilian can receive, the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She later received Brazilian Order of the Southern Cross (1952), the Philippines' Golden Heart, the French Legion of Honor (1952) and Japan's Sacred Treasure. She was elected to the Women's Hall of Fame at the New York World’s Fair in 1965, the Alabama Women’s Hall of Fame in 1971, and the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 1973. A U.S. Stamp with a picture of Keller and Sullivan was issued in 1980. Other countries have issued stamps with her image as well, including Spain, India, Liberia, Nicaragua, Republic of Maldives, Mauritius, Brazil, and Japan.
#5 She was well-educated and the first deaf-blind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree.
Helen Keller graduated cum laude from Radcliffe College (Harvard’s Women’s College) in 1904 at the age of 24. She was the first deaf-blind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree. She also learned to read French, German, Greek, and Latin in braille!
In June 1955, Helen was the first woman to be awarded an honorary degree from Harvard University. She also received honorary degrees from Temple University in Pennsylvania, Glasgow University in Scotland; Delhi University in India; Berlin University in Germany; and Witwatersrand University in Johannesburg, South Africa.
#6 She performed on the Vaudeville circuit as a speaker.
Keller was offered a chance to join Vaudeville as a teenager (Vaudeville is a genre of entertainment featuring specialty acts and the Vaudeville circuit included many venues across the U.S.), but turned down the opportunity because her family and her teacher Anne Sullivan didn’t think it was a good idea. Keller eventually convinced Sullivan. Keller performed on the Vaudeville circuit from 1920 to 1924 as a lecturer with Anne Sullivan.
The public was intrigued by Keller and wanted to see for themselves if she could do all of the things she was credited for – most deaf-blind people during this time were institutionalized and assumed to be “retarded,” rumors also circulated that Keller plagiarized, that her books were written by ghost authors, and that her teacher Anne Sullivan and her husband used Keller to spread their own views. Keller wanted the opportunity to re-tell her story the way she wanted it told, to be an advocate, and to educate others on the struggles of the deaf-blind.
Keller was billed as “The Star of Happiness” and her show was a success. The audience was surprised to hear her speak and the most popular part of the show was the Q & A at the end, where Keller got to showcase her quick wit and push her political views. When asked if talking tires her, Keller responded, “Did you ever hear a woman who tired of talking?”
#7 She was a world traveler and visited a total of 39 countries across 5 continents.
Helen was a world traveler and visited a total of 39 countries across 5 continents. She was an activist for both the American Federation for the Blind and Helen Keller International (which she helped to found), and spent much of her later years traveling around the world, raising money and awareness for the blind and other social issues.
She didn’t slow down. In 1955, when she was 75 years old, she embarked on one of her longest and most grueling journeys - a 40,000-mile, five-month-long tour through Asia.
#8 She was a dog lover and was the first to bring the Japanese Akita dog breed to America.
She loved dogs and had dogs throughout her life.
She introduced the Japanese Akita breed to America after receiving her first Akita dog, which was a gift from police officer Ichiro Ogasawara during one of her trips to Japan.
#9 She has a love affair with one of her assistants.
An interesting story that is not included in many biographies about Helen Keller is she had a love affair in 1916 at the age of 36. Anne Sullivan and Keller worked closely together and lived together, however, Sullivan was away seeking treatment and recuperating from tuberculosis. Peter Fagan, a 29-year-old Boston Herald reporter, became Keller’s secretary during this time and they fell in love. However, 1916 society, including Keller’s family and Sullivan, didn’t think women with disabilities should get married or have normal romantic desires. Fagan and Keller had taken out a marriage license and had planned to elope. They tried twice to run off together, but were stopped by Keller’s family and teachers. The third time, Keller waited on the dark porch with her packed bag, but Fagan never showed up. Some of Fagan’s family say the family legend is that Fagan was threatened by the Keller family and he retreated because he feared for his life. They also say Keller’s teacher Anne Sullivan was jealous of anyone else getting close to Keller and insisted the relationship end.
#10 She was a dignitary with many famous friends.
Helen became a celebrity among celebrities and she met a number of influential and famous people.
Among her friends were author Mark Twain and inventor Alexander Graham Bell. She made quite an impact on Mark Twain. They met at a lunch held for her in New York in 1895. He was so impressed with her that he encouraged his benefactor to fund her education, which he did. The financial support allowed her to pursue a college education, becoming the first deaf-blind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree.
Twain once said, "The two greatest characters in the 19th century are Napoleon and Helen Keller. Napoleon tried to conquer the world by physical force and failed. Helen tried to conquer the world by power of mind — and succeeded!” Perhaps inspired by Keller, one of Twain’s famous quotes is, “Kindness is a language which the deaf can hear, and the blind can see.”
Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the light bulb, helped connect her family to the Perkins Institute for the Blind, where they found Anne Sullivan and where Helen later attend school for a few years. She dedicated her first book, The Story of My Life to him, “To ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL who has taught the deaf to speak and enabled the listening ear to hear speech from the Atlantic to the Rockies, I dedicate this Story of My Life."
She met 12 U.S. presidents - every U.S president from Grover Cleveland to John F. Kennedy. She also met leaders of other countries, including the Queen of England, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of Israel Golda Meir, and Japanese Emperor Hirohito.
Additionally she met many famous people, including Albert Einstein, Henry Ford, Andrew Carnegie, Eleanor Roosevelt, Will Rogers, Emma Goldman, Eugene Debs, Charlie Chaplin, Katharine Cornell, Jo Davidson, Martha Graham, Enrico Caruso, and Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes.
#11 She was a political activist with strong political views, which were considered radical.
Keller said, “So long as you can sweeten another’s pain, life is not in vain.” She lived by that mantra and is remembered as a social activist who fought for the rights of others. What many don’t know is that she had strong political views, which were considered radical for the time.
She wrote socialist pieces and was such a controversial author that the FBI did surveillance on her, and the Nazis burned a collection of her political essays in 1933. Media that once supported Keller lashed out at her for her socialist beliefs. She remarked on the change of attitude from one editor, “At that time the compliments he paid me were so generous that I blush to remember them. But now that I have come out for socialism he reminds me and the public that I am blind and deaf and especially liable to error.”
Causes she advocated for included:
- She was a suffragette who advocated for women’s right to vote and access to birth control.
- She was a pacifist and protested the U.S. involvement in World War I.
- She was an early supporter and donor of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), fighting particularly for the rights of blind African Americans.
- She joined the Socialist Party and fought for workers' rights.
- She co-founded the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) in 1920.
- She helped to found Helen Keller International in 1915.
- In 1921, Helen joined the American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) and worked for the organization for over 40 years.
- She testified before Congress, strongly advocating to improve the welfare of blind people.
- In 1925, Keller addressed the Lions Club at their International Convention in Cedar Point, Ohio. She challenged Lions to become “knights of the blind in the crusade against darkness.” Since then, the Lions have worked to aid the blind and visually impaired. They have helped millions of people worldwide and continue to have sight programs designed to prevent blindness, restore eyesight and improve eye health and eye care.
#12 Helen Keller Day is celebrated on her birthday – June 27th.
Helen Keller’s June 27th birthday is commemorated as Helen Keller Day.
Helen Keller Days have been proclaimed by the mayors of Newark, New Jersey, Annapolis, Maryland, and is recognized annually in the state of Pennsylvania and Alabama. Helen Keller Day was authorized at the federal level by presidential proclamation by President Jimmy Carter in 1980, for the 100th anniversary of her birth.
Her birthplace, a plantation called Ivy Green in Tuscumbia, Alabama, is now a museum and the City of Tuscumbia hosts an annual Helen Keller Festival the last week of June.
Guide to Using Sign Language With Your Hearing Baby: Signing With Food - Starting at 4 to 6 Months (whenever they start eating)
Learning Tips | Tuesday, June 14, 2016
It’s easy to start signing with your baby and it’s amazing to be able to communicate with them through sign before they are able to talk. To get started, simply use signs when communicating with your child. There isn’t a “right” way or specific order to learning or teaching signs, just start by picking signs that make the most sense in the context of your baby’s life. There is no limit to how many signs you should introduce at a time, so sign as much as you are comfortable with. In particular, fluent signers and parents with deaf children should sign as much as possible.
This is just one example of how you could introduce signs to a baby that is 4 to 6 months old and comes from the prospective of hearing parents with hearing children.
What’s for dinner?
Doctors recommend first introducing food to babies around the age of 4 to 6 months (check with your doctor to see what they recommend for your baby). Because of this, it is a great time to introduce food signs. You can simply introduce the sign for each new food as they try it. Remember that repetition is important in learning language, so sign the food each time you give it to your child.
In addition to specific food signs, you may also want to use EAT (Let’s EAT; Do you want to EAT?), DRINK (Take a DRINK; Do you want a DRINK?), HUNGRY, and THIRSTY (Are you HUNGRY/THIRSTY? I am HUNGRY/THIRSTY.). The sign for EAT is a common sign that can also be used to mean food, meal, snack, and dine.
Signing Savvy Member Feature: Download this image / flyer as a printable PDF page.
Don’t play with your food? Describing food, including the color.
As soon as your child is born, they are developing their senses. Even introducing food to your little one is a great sensory activity. Children love to look, taste, and feel the world around them, including food. It’s actually great for them to play with their food; they learn a lot through play! As they try new foods, encourage them to check it out, pick it up, and feel it in the process of tasting it. One of my favorite and most used items is a good plastic bib with a pocket – it makes cleanup easier when your bib catches fallen food and you can just rinse the bib off in the sink or throw it in the dishwasher (and when cleanup is easier, you’re not as worried about your little one making a mess).
Ask them if they like how the food tastes, how it feels and describe it to them – what texture is it, what temperature is it, what color is it? Remember that although your child can’t answer your questions, they are learning through play and from your actions, how you describe the food items, and what you sign. This is a great opportunity to introduce color signs (and other descriptive signs) as you talk about the food you give your child.
Signing Savvy Member Feature: Download this image / flyer as a printable PDF page.
In addition to signing food and color signs while you are eating, you can sign while reading books that talk about food, like The Very Hungry Caterpillar, where you learn about all the things the very hungry caterpillar ate throughout the week. Reading books that incorporate the same vocabulary/signs that you use throughout the day will increase exposure, reinforce the use of them, and help your little one learn them.
More Resources to Help You Get Started
Signing Savvy Wordlists:
Book: The Very Hungry Caterpillar
Bib: Plastic bib with a pocket to catch food
Site News | Tuesday, May 31, 2016
We have added several new members to our advisory board and wanted to take this opportunity to recognize AND THANK all of our board members for their help and expertise. We’ve made many updates to Signing Savvy because of suggestions provided by this wonderful advisory board! And we have many more updates in the works.
The Sign Language Advisory Board is made up of thought leaders who have a deep subject matter expertise in sign language and deaf culture and are leaders in their respective fields. Our goal is to have a diverse advisory board with various backgrounds and experience to provide a wide range of advice and expertise.
Meet our current board members:
Suellen BahledaAcross 20 years and several states, Suellen Bahleda became certified, interpreted, taught entry-level and advanced ASL and interpreting classes and presented workshops. She is author of several sign language books. Sue holds a B.A. in Theatre and Communication Arts, an M.Ed in Adult Education, and a M.Div (Master of Divinity), and is currently serving as a pastor for the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
Fr. Michael Depcik, OSFS
R. Ben Roux
Deaf Culture | Wednesday, May 25, 2016
Nyle DiMarco, who just happens to be deaf, was awarded the Mirror Ball Trophy and crowned the champion of Dancing with the Stars, Season 22, with his partner Peta Murgatroyd.
Nyle can’t hear the music or feel its vibrations. Like the other dancers, he relies on lots of practice, but Nyle and Peta also use visual cues, signals, scratches on the back, and hand squeezes to stay in sync with each other. When practicing, Peta also taps the tempo of the music on Nyle’s shoulder so he can sense the rhythm. Peta said Nyle has a secret advantage over competitors, "They get freaked out by all the noise," she said. "There's hundreds of people in the ballroom. So Nyle can't hear any of that. He's in his own world with me. And it's kind of perfect."
Peta started to learn American Sign Language (ASL) as soon as she became partners with Nyle. “The first week that we worked together, she was already starting to learn my language and my culture,” Nyle said. The pair developed a deep connection throughout the season because they each had to learn how to communicate using each other’s unique languages - Nyle through American Sign Language and Peta through dance. Nyle said, "It really was about learning about each other's worlds and I think that message was really strong."
Nyle chose a special song, with a special meaning, for his freestyle dance on the finale of Dancing with the Stars. He chose the song “Sound of Silence” covered by the heavy metal band Disturbed and originally by Simon and Garfunkel. Nyle and dance partner Peta worked with contemporary choreographer Talia Favia to make the dance a moving performance focused on storytelling. Nyle said, “Our dance together is for million’s of deaf people, this dance needs to reflect all of them.”
Watch Nyle and Peta's freestyle dance to the Sound of Silence (unfortunately, this video from ABC is not captioned):
The song’s lyrics start with, “Hello darkness, my old friend,” and in a letter to the band Disturbed where Nyle asked for permission to use the song for their freestyle dance, he explained, “we the Deaf people underwent a terrible history and we are still stuck in the darkness. The darkness of oppression that your song truly reverberated to me.”
Nyle DiMarco's letter to Disturbed asking for permission to use their song
My name is Nyle DiMarco. I am Deaf. I'm the fourth generation and I have over 25 Deaf members in my family. I am now in the semi finals towards the Mirror Ball on Dancing With The Stars. I am writing this letter to let you know how much your song "Sound of Silence" means so much to me and my Deaf community and that I would love to dance to your song for the finals. I feel this is important for you to know that we the Deaf people underwent a terrible history and we are still stuck in the darkness. The darkness of oppression that your song truly reverberated to me.
Before the year 1880, we the Deaf people lived normal lives. We were perceived normal. We held political positions. We joined the army. We had jobs. We had an education through sign language that greatly benefited to our visual eyes and silent ears. It was until the Milan Conference in 1880 that led to language deprivation and... ultimately our culture, our job opportunities, and our intelligence. We were tortured. Our ancestors underwent electric shock chairs, surgeries (without anesthesia), and so many torturing methods just to help us regain our hearing. We were also punished if we used sign language. We were whipped. Slapped with our rulers. Abused. We were required to try and learn to speak (and that always, always miserably failed).
We also lost jobs. Many now perceive us as disabled, that we can't serve the army, hold political positions, nor teach.
Because of the conference that almost led to the death of the Deaf culture (and was basically genocide and cultural-genocide), we are still trying to get out of the dark. I just founded Nyle DiMarco Foundation and our focus is on Deaf kids. We are working with state and U.S. senators to write and pass the bill that requires bilingualism (American Sign Language and English) because it was recently proven by science that it will benefit the Deaf child a lot more than just English only. I am using my celebrity platform and especially on DWTS for good cause.
With your song... we are planning on showing my history's terrible times through dancing... and to your powerful and moving song. We feel that with you, your song, and us, we will make/change history and help people better understand our history, and build allies all over the world to help better Deaf lives.
Help us resurface from our darkness, from the systematic oppression. There is power in Sound of Silence.
We hope you will grant us the permission. Lets change history together!
The song also talks about “people talking without speaking” and “people hearing without listening” and just as Nyle and Peta were able to masterly story tell through their moving dance, the Deaf are able to communicate through their beautiful sign language, but it isn’t always easy. Nyle explained “people see what we’re saying, but we’re not listened to.”
Judge Carrie Ann Inaba said, “In twenty-two seasons, that is the best dance I have ever seen… what’s so profound about it is not only do I see a man that wants to prove he can dance, in this incredible way and this new approach to how you connect with all of us and the music, but I also see a man that is proving he can change the world through dance.” Inaba even signed to Nyle when giving some of her final feedback, “Because you've spoken to us so eloquently in our language of dance, I want to say this to you and I hope I get it right." Then she stood up and signed in ASL, “Thank you for sharing what's in your heart.”
Inaba reflected earlier in the season “that sign language is a kind of a dance -- it is a movement that expresses. So in a way, he’s been dancing with his hands his whole life. I think this is part of why his performances are so deeply moving. When he dances, there is a hush that comes over the ballroom that is not just about the respect we all feel for the fact that he is dancing without actually hearing the music, but is also about being in awe of his powerful connection to the movement, his heartfelt storytelling.”
Peta was overcome with emotion after they performed their freestyle dance and said, “What he has done every single week out here is nothing short of extraordinary.”
As Nyle said in his letter to Disturbed, “There is power in Sound of Silence.”
- David Draiman, Dan Donegan, Mike Wengren, and John Moyer (2016, May 23). Dancing With The Stars - Nyle DiMarco. Disturbed. Retrieved 5/25/2016 from http://www.disturbed1.com/news/dancing-stars-nyle-dimarco-150001
- (2016, March 28). Nyle DiMarco on ‘Dancing’ Debut Mistake, Honor of Representing Deaf Community. ABC News. Retrieved 5/25/2016 from http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/nyle-dimarco-dancing-debut-mistake-honor-representing-deaf/story?id=37968152
- Carrie Ann Inaba (2016, March 29). Carrie Ann Inaba's 'Dancing With The Stars' Season 22 Blog: Week 2. Access Hollywood. Retrieved 5/25/2016 from https://www.accesshollywood.com/articles/carrie-ann-inabas-dancing-stars-season-22-blog-week-2/
- Zach Seemayer (2016, May 24). EXCLUSIVE: Nyle DiMarco and Mother Donna Open Up About Emotional 'Dancing With the Stars' Victory. Entertainment Tonight Online. Retrieved 5/25/2016 from http://www.etonline.com/news/189528_nyle_dimarco_and_mother_donna_open_up_about_emotional_dancing_with_the_stars_victory/